Scientific name. Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. Subordinate taxa: Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. var. benadirianum (Chiov.) Verdc. Macrotyloma. Horse gram seeds (Indian name: Kulthi) Macrotyloma uniflorum, Organic Heirloom Untreated Seeds. For Growing Or Sprouting Horse Gram (Macrotyloma . Biflorus, horse gram, horse grain, kulthi bean, madras bean, madras gram, poor man’s pulse, dolic biflore, grain de cheval, kerdekorn, pferdebohne, pferdekorn.
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From Wikipedia, the unifflorum encyclopedia. Horse gram seed is low in fat and is excellent sources of protein, dietary fiber, a variety of micro-nutrients and phytochemicals still it has remained an underutilized food legume, consumed only by the farming communities of inaccessible areas and low-income groups. Stigma dish-like, margin hairy. Does not seem to adversely affect ruminants.
Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of macrothloma taxon to the general public.
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Has value as a pioneer legume or sometimes a regenerating annual in permanent pasture. Adapted to a wide range of well-drained soils from sands and gravels to clay loams and heavy clays. It is best managed as a dry season feed reserve, with the high quality seed-in-pod remaining on the bush, and fallen leaf licked from the ground. Leaf disease can be a problem in higher rainfall areas. Can include ecosystem services.
However, several factors like the genotype, soil, fertilizer unifoorum, cultural practices, weather and climatic factors, post-harvest handling and storage can directly or indirectly affect the nutritional quality. If sown as a fast-developing pioneer, it provides useful early feed in a forage system.
Species specific search options Taxon Hierarchy. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. Thus, it has remained an underutilized food legume. Lateral veins about on each side of the midrib.
Seed is no longer commercially available. Stipules hairy, triangular, about x 2 mm. It does not grow well on higher altitudes because of cool and wet climate. Archaeological investigations have revealed the use of horse gram as food especially in India as origin around BC. Drought tolerance capacity of horse gram macrityloma attributed in parts to various pathways like antioxidant and osmolyte biosynthesis, making it sturdy enough to withstand long periods of drought with minimum management.
Yellow mosaic virus is one of the major constraints for its cultivation in peninsular India. Low levels of hard seed reduce the amount of seed passing undigested through the grazing animal, macrotloma hence the potential for spread in this way.
Macrotyloma uniflorum – Useful Tropical Plants
May take as little as 40 days, but usually — days to reach maturity. Observation specific search options Observed during. Possibility of a toxic factor in untreated seed, broken down by heat.
Seed ovoid, 5—8 per pod, 4—6 —8 mm long, 3—5 mm broad, pale fawn, light red, brown, or black sometimes with faint mottles or with small, scattered black spots, or bothhilum central. Bean fly Ophiomyia AgromyzaMelanagromyza phaseoli: All plant parts clothed in short translucent hairs. Diptera, Agromyzidae sometimes attacks young seedlings Subject to attack by a wide range of viruses: Technology Biodiversity in India.
Checklists specific search options Observed during. The pods are indehiscent and retain the seed. Views Read Edit View history.