This page report, classified Secret, was drafted in July as a comprehensive guide for training interrogators in the art of obtaining. during the opening or reconnaissance phases of the interrogation. KUBARK Manual: A User’s Guide to Torture? – The KUBARK manual was written by the CIA in the s as a means of standardizing interrogation techniques.
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For example, the electric current should be known in advance, so that transformers or counerintelligence modifying devices will be on hand if needed. During the first part of the interrogation the developing relationship between the questioner and the initially uncooperative source is more important than the information obtained; when this relationship is destroyed by a change of interrogators, the replacement must start nearly from scratch.
The appeal will glance off ineffectually if the resistance is totally or interrogstion emotional rather than rational. The two-man team, in particular, is subject to unintended antipathies and conflicts not called for by assigned roles. Throughout the eleven hundred pages of the manuals, there are few mentions of democracy, human rights, or the rule of law.
If the room is also used for purposes other than interrogation, a “Do Not Disturb” sign or its equivalent should hang on the door when questioning is under way. The screening report itself is brought to life, the type becomes an individual, as the subject talks.
Finally, only children are much likelier to hold themselves together and persist in anxiety-producing situations than are the first-born, who more frequently try to retreat.
Most persons have areas of guilt in their emotional topographies, and counterintellihence interrogator can often chart these areas just by noting refusals to follow certain lines of questioning. There’s no hurry now. Such typologies also cause disagreement even among professional psychiatrists and psychologists. Another preliminary comment about the interrogator is that normally he should not personalize.
KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation
If time permits, it may be a good idea depending upon the psychological assessment of both to postpone interrogation for about a week. It is equally true that some of the most glaring blunders in interrogation and other operational processes have resulted from ignoring the source’s background. Other reasons for changing interrogators should be anticipated and avoided at the outset. He has stated the fact, there is interrogatio to qualify.
For more information go to: The interrogator should not show quick impatience, but neither should he allow the results to get out of focus. At the first meeting with the interrogatee it is usually a good idea for the interrogator to spend some time in the same kind of quiet, friendly exchange that characterized the screening interview.
U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals – Wikipedia
Through experience the interrogator becomes adept in this dualism. The aim is to enhance this effect, to disrupt radically the familiar emotional and psychological associations of the subject.
Interrogation sessions with a resistant source who is under detention should not be held on an unvarying schedule.
The person cast in the informer’s role may have been let out a back door at the beginning of these proceedings; or if cooperative, he may continue his role. Therefore defectors are likely to be found in the ranks of the orderly-obstinate, the greedy and deriding, the schizoids, and the exceptions.
Except within the Communist frame of reference, they have paid less attention to the creation of internal controls — i.
He tends to brag and often lies through hunger for approval or praise. From the viewpoint of the intelligence service the categories of persons who most frequently provide useful information in response to questioning are travellers; repatriates; defectors, escapees, and refugees; transferred sources; agents, including interrogatoin, double agents, and penetration agents; and swindlers and fabricators.
The major routine considerations are the following:.
The questioner should not accept a blanket negative without probing. Establishing rapport is extremely important when dealing with this type. It is important to understand that interrogation, as both situation and process, does of itself exert significant external pressure upon the interrogatee as long as he is not permitted to accustom himself to it.
This point is particularly important if the interrogatee is a defector faced with bewildering changes and in a highly emotional state. Persons suffering from severe mental illness will show major distortions, delusions, or hallucinations and will usually give bizarre explanations for their behavior.
In a page advising against using coercive techniques was inserted at the front of Human Resource Exploitation Training Manual. Planning and subsequent conduct should eliminate such cross-currents before they develop, especially because the source will seek to turn them to his advantage.
She takes her completed work into the inner office, comes back out, and telephones a request that someone come up to act as legal witness. We welcome debate and dissent, but personal — ad hominem — attacks on authors, other users or any individualabuse and defamatory language will not be tolerated. Even if the file contains little or nothing but blank paper, the air of familiarity with which the interrogator refers to the subject’s background can convince some sources that all is known and that resistance is futile.
The effect upon a cooperative source is inhibitory, and the effect upon a withholding source may be to make him more stubborn. Most people confronted by an official — and dimly powerful — representative of a foreign power will get down to cases much faster if made to feel, from the start, that they are being treated as individuals. The interrogator should decide whether a confession is essential to his purpose or whether information which may be held by others as well as the unwilling source is really his goal.
Unless time is crucial, the interrogator should not become impatient if the interrogatee wanders from the purposes of the interrogation and reverts to personal concerns.
On the contrary, counterinteligence large part of the skill and the success of the experienced interrogator lies in his ability to match method to source.