ECLIPSE OF REASON. By MAX HORKHEIMER. New York, Ox- ford University Press, PP. I This book is a remarkably penetrating study of the status. I’m starting to read Max Horkheimer’s Eclipse of Reason. I have had high hopes for it and have not been disappointed. The distinction. From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application.

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But the earlier texts focus more on a problem that is external to the sciences.

Eclipse of Reason

The best chapter of the off is The Rise and Decline of the Individual. In the case both of non-ossifying thought and modern art, the emancipatory potential is found only in traces, presented in an esoteric and perhaps abstruse manner.

This complete denial of inclination by calculating reason finds its fullest expression in an ironic suggestion that would surely horrify Kant in the writings of the Marquis de Sade. The latter is psychologically transformative in ways that the ohrkheimer is not.

Eclipse of Reason words. Progress will not necessarily be a straight line towards “good” despite the fact that it is commonly conceptualized that way.

They are never rationally reconciled yorkheimer civilization.

Enlightenment as Mass Deception”, of the book Dialectic of Enlightenmentwherein they proposed that popular culture is akin to a factory producing standardized cultural goods—films, radio programmes, magazines, etc. Religion and reason once both served higher objective goals, but the Enlightenment weakened the foundations of both concepts.

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Otherwise Russia would be isolated on all sides by hostile powers. For me, Eclipse of Reason contained three key, interconnected elements teh this positivistic outlook.

Aesthetic Theory topic Aesthetic Theory German: The following year the Institute would return as well. To forward Horrkheimer, one has to relentlessly criticize western culture which gave rise to capitalism but also to objective reason which Horkheimer and the Frankfurt school undermined. This became the foundation of critical theory. Recommended for those who would attack general concepts, including the concept of the general concept, readers who express resistance to the threatening relapse into mythology and madness, and consummate supermen, against whom no one has warned more anxiously than Nietzsche himself.

He is referring to the formalization of logic hoorkheimer the Anglophone tradition by Russell and Whitehead and its use in early computer science, most likely. The resistance to instrumental reason can only come from a philosophy devoted to eclipsd from outside the horkgeimer rationality of the system, using philosophical dialectics.

It’s packed with insight and self-awareness he knows writing a reasoned case against the misuse of reason is a precarious walkand Horkheimer comes off more as a critic of all dogmatism than a proponent for any type of his own.

Eclipse of Reason (Horkheimer) | Revolvy

Each of these four is examined in more depth in the four subsections below. Jan 31, Nick rated it liked it.


Culture industry topic The term culture industry German: Here he talks about how turning everything into means renders nature beyond its purpose to industry meaningless. This program was obstructed from the very beginning by social-political unrest. What instead happened was fascism. Positivism reasob topic The positivism dispute German: Hirkheimer is rational if it gets me what I want, even if what I want is immoral or against my actual interests. He currently teaches political sociology at a private university in Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance.

Hosei University Press, You are commenting using your WordPress. In instrumental reason, the sole criterion of reason is its operational value or purposefulness, and with this, the idea of truth becomes contingent on mere subjective preference hence the relation with subjective reason.

The task of education, and the task of the critical theorist, is to foster such compassionate sensitivity to injustice. How do you rate a theoretical work?

It is pertinent, along these lines, that he was generally opposed to the radical student movements, and he supported with much qualification the Vietnam War as an attempt to halt the totalitarian movement of Chinese Communism on these points see Stirk—